Preface of a Saint (2)
[Common of a Pastor]
[Common of a Prophetic Witness]
[For Social Justice]
[For Social Service]
PRAYER (traditional language)
Gracious God, who didst call Charles Freer Andrews to show forth thy salvation to the poor: By thy Holy Spirit inspire in us a tender concern, a passionate justice, and an active love for all people, that there may be one Body and one Spirit in Jesus Christ, our Savior; who with thee and the same Spirit liveth and reigneth, one God, now and for ever. Amen.
PRAYER (contemporary language)
Gracious God, you called Charles Freer Andrews to show forth your salvation to the poor: By your Holy Spirit inspire in us a tender concern, a passionate justice, and an active love for all people, that there may be one Body and one Spirit in Jesus Christ, our Savior; who with you and the same Spirit lives and reigns, one God, now and for ever. Amen.
This commemoration adopted provisionally at General Convention 2009.
Collects revised at
General Convention 2015.
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Last updated: 20 December 2015
CHARLES FREER ANDREWS
PRIEST AND “FRIEND OF THE POOR” IN INDIA,
Freer Andrews (1871 – 1940) was an English priest, educator and
Indian freedom fighter who is best known as an associate of Mahatma Gandhi.
Andrews greatly admired the philosophy of the young Mohandas Gandhi and
was instrumental in convincing him to return to India from South Africa,
where Gandhi was a leading light in the Indian civil rights struggle there.
He was affectionately known as Christ's Faithful Apostle, and
also, for his contributions to the Indian Independence Movement the Mahatma
and his students at St. Stephen's College, Delhi named him, Deenabandhu,
or 'Friend of the Poor'.
Andrews had been involved in the Christian Social Union since college,
and was interested in exploring the relationship between a commitment
to the gospel and a commitment to justice, through which he was attracted
to struggles for justice throughout the British Empire, especially in
In 1904 he joined the Cambridge Brotherhood in Delhi and arrived there
to teach philosophy at St. Stephen's College, where he famously grew close
to many of his Indian colleagues and students. Increasingly dismayed by
the racist behavior and treatment of Indians by British officials and
civilians, he supported Indian political aspirations, and soon became
involved in the activities of the Indian National Congress.
Well known for his persuasive ways, intellect and keen sense of moral
firmness, he was asked by senior Indian political leader Gopal Krishna
Gokhale to visit South Africa and help the Indian community there resolve
their political disputes with the Government. He met there a young Gujarati
lawyer, Mohandas Gandhi who was attempting to organize the Natal Indian
Congress and the Indian community to protest the racial discrimination
and police legislation that infringed upon their civil liberties.
Andrews was deeply impressed with Gandhi's knowledge of Christian values,
and his espousal of the concept of ahimsa, non-violence - something
that Gandhi mixed with inspiration from elements of Christian anarchism.
He helped Gandhi organize an Ashram in Natal and publish his famous magazine,
The Indian Opinion.
Following the advice of several Indian Congress leaders and, significantly,
that of Principal S K Rudra of St. Stephen's College, Andrews was instrumental
in persuading Gandhi to return to India with him in 1915.
When news reached India of the mistreatment of Indian indentured labourers
in Fiji, the Indian Government, in September 1915, sent Andrews and W.W.
Pearson to make inquiries. The two visited numerous plantations and interviewed
indentured labourers, overseers and Government officials and on their
return to India also interviewed returned labourers. In their report,
Andrews and Pearson highlighted the ills of the indenture system which
led to a stop of further transportation of Indian labour to the British
Andrews made a second visit to Fiji in 1917 and although reported on
some improvements, was still appalled at the moral degradation of the
indentured labourers. He called for an immediate end to indenture and
the system of Indian indentured labour was formally abolished in 1920.
About this time, Gandhi reasoned to Andrews that it was probably best
for sympathetic Britons like himself to leave the freedom struggle to
Indians. So, from 1935 onwards, Andrews began to spend more time back
in Britain, teaching young people all over the country about Christ’s
call to radical discipleship. Gandhi's affectionate nickname for Andrews
was Christ’s Faithful Apostle, based on the initials of
his name, "C.F.A". He was widely known as Gandhi's closest friend
and was perhaps the only major figure to address Gandhi by his first name,
Charlie Andrews died on April 5, 1940 during a visit to Calcutta, and
is buried there. He is widely commemorated and respected in India, and
was a major character portrayed by British actor Ian Charleson in the
1982 film Gandhi
by Richard Attenborough.
- more at Wikipedia